TYPHOID FEVER

 

Typhoid fever is an acute illness associated with fever caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. It can also be caused by Salmonella paratyphi, a related bacterium that usually causes a less severe illness. The bacteria are deposited in water or food by a human carrier and are then spread to other people in the area.

Causes

Typhoid fever is contracted by drinking or eating the bacteria in contaminated food or water. People with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through stool, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. Contamination of the water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply.

Symptoms

Once signs and symptoms do appear, you're likely to experience:

  • Fever that starts low and increases daily, possibly reaching as high as 104.9 F (40.5 C)

  • Headache

  • Weakness and fatigue

  • Muscle aches

  • Sweating

  • Dry cough

  • Loss of appetite and weight loss

  • Abdominal pain

  • Diarrhoea or constipation

  • Rash

  • Extremely swollen abdomen

 

Risk factors

Typhoid fever is most common in parts of the world that have poor sanitation and limited access to clean water.

 

Worldwide, children are thought to be most at risk of developing typhoid fever. This may be because their immune system (the body's natural defence against infection and illness) is still developing. However, children with typhoid fever tend to have milder symptoms than adults.

Prevention

Sanitation and hygiene are important to prevent typhoid. Careful food preparation and washing of hands are crucial to prevent typhoid.

 

Treatment

Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics which kill the Salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. With antibiotics and supportive care, mortality has been reduced to 1%-2%. With appropriate antibiotic therapy, there is usually improvement within one to two days and recovery within seven to 10 days.

 

Culled from Staywellworld blog post dated September 26, 2016.

To learn more, click on 

https://www.staywellworld.org/post/2016/09/26/saying-no-to-typhoid-fever

​​​Contact Us

+234-903 000 0797

Follow Us

  • Facebook Social Icon
  • Twitter Social Icon
  • YouTube Social  Icon
  • Instagram

Toll Free:

© 2015-2020 Staywellworld.

All rights reserved.

Privacy Policy Terms and Conditions of Use

The contents herein are for informational purposes only, therefore, should not be used as an alternative to seeking independent medical advice, and we cannot take responsibility for an individual’s decision to use them as such. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.