Causes

In some cases, clubfoot is just the result of the position of the baby while it is developing in the mother's womb.

 

But more often clubfoot is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors that is not well understood.

Symptoms

Each of the following visible signs may be present, and each may vary from mild to severe:

  • The foot (especially the heel) is usually smaller than normal.

  • The foot may point downward.

  • The front of the foot may be rotated toward the other foot.

  • The foot may turn in, and in extreme cases, the bottom of the foot can point up.

  • The calf muscles in the affected leg are usually underdeveloped.

 

Risk factors

Risk factors include:

  • Family history.

  • Congenital conditions.

  • Environment.

  • Not enough amniotic fluid during pregnancy.

Prevention

Since, researchers are still uncertain about the cause of clubfoot, you can't completely prevent it. However, if you're pregnant, you can do things to limit your baby's risk of birth defects, such as:

  • Not smoking or spending time in smoky environments

  • Not drinking alcohol

  • Avoiding drugs not approved by your doctor

 

Treatment

The goal of treatment is to improve the way your child's foot looks and works before he or she learns to walk, in hopes of preventing long-term disabilities.

 

Treatment options include:

  • Stretching and casting (Ponseti method)

  • Surgery

 

 

Culled from Staywellworld blog post dated May 02, 2017.

To learn more, click on 

https://www.staywellworld.org/post/2017/05/02/why-leave-a-clubfoot-for-later

CLUBFOOT

 

Clubfoot also called talipes equinovarus, describes a range of foot abnormalities usually present at birth in which a baby's foot is twisted out of shape or position. It is a deformity of the foot and ankle that babies can be born with.

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The contents herein are for informational purposes only, therefore, should not be used as an alternative to seeking independent medical advice, and we cannot take responsibility for an individual’s decision to use them as such. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.