COTTON BUDS USE: UNSAFESome, if not many people do not realize they shouldn’t clean their ears with cotton buds/swabs.
MISCARRIAGEEpilepsy is the 4th most common neurological condition and epilepsy affects more than 65 million people worldwide.
MOBILE PHONE RISKYou’ve probably heard news stories claiming that “cell phones are dangerous” and others claiming that “cell phones have been proven safe.”
MIGRAINEMany people use the term "migraine" to describe any severe headache, a migraine headache is the result of specific physiologic changes that occur within the brain and lead to the characteristic pain and associated symptoms of a migraine.
BREASTFEEDING PT1Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.
BREASTFEEDING PT2According to research, breastfeeding carries many health benefits for infants and mothers.
DEMENTIADementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life.
FGM: FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATIOFemale genital mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as all procedures which involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and/or injury to the female genital organs, whether for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reasons.
SHIGELLOSISShigellosis also known as bacillary dysentery or Marlow syndrome is a type of food poisoning caused by intestinal infection with Shigella bacterium.
STOMACH ULCERSStomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers, are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach.
NOISE POLLUTIONAlmost everyone has had one experience of being temporarily "deafened" by a loud noise.
HERPESHerpes is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that any sexually active person can get and it’s highly contagious.
DIARRHOEAAlmost everyone has diarrhoea at some point in his or her life, including on holiday abroad, called traveller's diarrhoea.
WALNUTSWalnuts have been known to mankind for a long time. Walnuts are edible seeds belonging to the tree nut family.
HEAT RASHMany different types of skin rashes exist. They can be concerning, uncomfortable, or downright painful. One of the most common types of rash is heat rash, also called miliaria.
CHOLERACholera is an acute epidemic infectious disease. It is characterized by watery diarrhoea, extreme loss of fluid and electrolytes, and severe dehydration. It can be fatal.
LEMONLemons are rarely consumed as a stand-alone fruit due to their intense, sour taste, but they are extremely popular when used in smaller quantities and in combination with herbs and spices.
TUBERCULOSISTuberculosis or TB, as it’s commonly called, is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs.
GLAUCOMAAccording to the World Health Organization (WHO), glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness around the world.
DOWN SYNDROMEIndividuals with Down syndrome in developed parts of the world are becoming increasingly integrated into society and community organizations, such as school, health care systems, work forces, and social and recreational activities.
CHICKENPOXChickenpox, also known as varicella is a viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) which brings about itchy rashes with small, fluid-filled blisters.
LEPROSYLeprosy also known as Hansen's disease is an infection caused by slow-growing bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae. These bacteria grow very slowly and it may take up to 20 years to develop signs of the infection.
AUTISMAutism also known as autism spectrum disorder, refers to a neurological and developmental disorder characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviours, verbal and nonverbal communication.
MENINGITISMeningitis is an acute inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges.
PROSTATE CANCERProstate cancer, also known as carcinoma of the prostate, is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the prostate.
CLUBFOOTClubfoot also called talipes equinovarus, describes a range of foot abnormalities usually present at birth in which a baby's foot is twisted out of shape or position. It is a deformity of the foot and ankle that babies can be born with.
GONORRHOEAYou may have heard about gonorrhoea but many people are not sure what it is.
Gonorrhoea also called the "clap" or "drip," is a contagious disease transmitted most often through sexual contact with an infected person.
CONSTIPATIONConstipation means different things to different people. For many people, it simply means infrequent passage of faeces. For others, however, it means hard stools, difficulty passing them (straining), or a sense of incomplete emptying after a bowel movement.
DENGUE FEVERDengue (pronounced DENG-gee or DENG-gey) fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Dengue fever is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults, but seldom causes death.
ASTHMAIf you frequently experience shortness of breath or you hear a whistling or wheezy sound in your chest when you breathe, you may have asthma.
YELLOW FEVERYellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration. It is a serious, potentially deadly flu-like disease spread by mosquitoes.
HYPERTENSIONHigh blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries.
HYPOTENSIONHypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure (less than 90/60). Many people worry about low blood pressure, but probably don't need to.
MALNUTRITIONThe World Health Organization (WHO) says that malnutrition is by far the largest contributor to child mortality globally.
CONVULSIONA convulsion is a fit regarded as a medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body. A person having convulsion appears to be shaking rapidly and without control.
KWASHIORKORKwashiorkor, also known as “edematous malnutrition” because of its association with oedema (fluid retention), is a nutritional disorder most often seen in regions experiencing famine.
HAY FEVERIf you sneeze a lot, if your nose is often runny or stuffy, or if your eyes, mouth or skin often feels itchy, you may have allergic rhinitis.
JAUNDICEJaundice, also known as icterus, is a term used to describe a yellowish tinge to the skin and sclerae (the white part of the eye) which is a result of an excess of bilirubin in the blood.
GINGERGinger is grown as a root and it’s a common ingredient in Asian and Indian cuisine. However, ginger has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries among many cultures.
HEARTBURNHeartburn, also known as acid indigestion is a feeling of burning in the central chest just behind the sternum (breast bone) or upper central abdomen, caused by stomach acid refluxing back into the oesophagus (food pipe).
SLEEP APNOEAApnoea or apnea (AP-ne-ah) simply is the suspension of breathing. Voluntarily doing this is called holding one's breath.
GALLSTONESGallstones aren’t really stones; they are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in your gallbladder.
CAVITIESThe words above are words no one wants to hear at the dentist's office. Take good care of your teeth or your smile won't be as bright and beautiful as you'd like it to be.
ELEPHANTIASISElephantiasis, also known as Lymphatic filariasis refers to a parasitic infection that causes extreme swelling in the arms, legs or genitals.
BERIBERIBeriberi (ˈbe-ree-ˈbe-ree) is a disease caused by vitamin B1 deficiency, also known as thiamine deficiency.
RICKETSRickets is a childhood bone disorder where bones soften and become prone to fractures and deformity.
GLIOBLASTOMAGlioblastoma also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or grade IV astrocytoma is a type of brain cancer. It is by far the most common type of malignant brain tumour among adults.
CUCUMBERSCucumbers scientifically known as Cucumis sativus have not received as much press as other fruits and vegetables in terms of health benefits, but this widely cultivated food provides us with a unique combination of nutrients.
LASSA FEVERLassa fever, also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF), is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus.
WATERMELONWatermelon is a delicious and refreshing fruit that is good for you. Nutritionists have long appreciated the health benefits watermelon provides.
MARBURG VIRUSMarburg virus was first recognized in 1967, when outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever occurred simultaneously in laboratories in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany and in Belgrade, Serbia (formerly Yugoslavia).
GASTROENTERITISHave you ever had the “stomach flu”? What you probably had was gastroenteritis, not a type of flu at all.
CPRCardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is unconscious.
HEART ATTACK VS CARDIAC ARRESTThe term "heart attack" is often mistakenly used to describe cardiac arrest.
VITILIGOAlmost 1 percent of the world’s population has vitiligo; a disease that causes the loss of skin colour in blotches.
HPVHuman papillomavirus, HPV, an infection caused by human papillomavirus, is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI).
AVOCADOAvocado also known as an alligator pear or butter fruit is a stone fruit with a creamy texture that grow in warm climates.
MONKEYPOXMonkeypox virus is a zoonotic viral disease that occurs primarily in remote villages of Central and West Africa in proximity to tropical rainforests where there is more frequent contact with infected animals.
SMALLPOXThousands of years ago, smallpox virus, also known as variola virus, emerged from an unknown origin and began causing illness and deaths in human populations, with outbreaks of the virus occurring from time to time.
CARROTSCarrots are one of the most widely used and enjoyed vegetables in the world, partly because they grow relatively easily, and are very versatile in a number of dishes and cultural cuisines.
PLAGUEPlague is an infectious disease caused by a zoonotic bacteria called Yersinia pestis. These bacteria are found mainly in rodents, particularly rats, and in the fleas that feed on them.
SWEET POTATOESIn some parts of the USA and Canada, sweet potatoes are called yams. This is a misnomer since yams are actually a totally different species.
SCURVYScurvy, also called scorbutus, is the name for a vitamin C deficiency, a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C.
CROHN'S DISEASECrohn's disease, also known as ileitis or regional enteritis, is a chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive tract.
ULCERATIVE COLITISUlcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the lining of the large intestine (colon).
ALMONDSAlmonds are the seeds of the fruits cultivated from the almond tree. The almond tree species is native to the Middle East, South Asia and North Africa.
OSTEOPOROSISOsteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone (bone mass), decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones with an increased susceptibility to fracture.
CINNAMONCinnamon is one of the world's most popular spices, sprinkled on lattes, boiled with ciders and enjoyed in numerous dishes.
PNEUMONIAPneumonia is an inflammation (swelling) of the air sacs (called alveoli) in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection which may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi (infrequently).
TURMERICTurmeric, sometimes called Indian saffron or the golden spice, comes from a tall plant that grows in Asia and Central America.